The goal of forensic drug chemistry is to determine whether the material submitted contains an illegal substance. Based on the results of the analysis, law enforcement can pursue criminal charges and the court can determine appropriate sentencing.
Why forensic drug analysis is important?
The need for forensic drug analysis is not only restricted for coronial work; it can also be used in the determination of drugs in hospitalized patients admitted following a suspected poisoning (i.e., emergency clinical toxicology), drug-facilitated crimes where drugs are used to poison or sedate; drugs and driving; …
What is the role of forensic drug analysis in processing of drug specimen?
Forensic drug analysis deals with the identification and quantification of illegal drugs. … Once drugs are detected through screening, for example spot test kits (e.g., immunoassays, Marquis test, etc), samples are then collected and sent to laboratories for confirmation tests.
What is a forensic drug test?
In the forensic arena, the generally accepted objective of drug testing is to detect and deter drug use among individuals subject to the testing. In addition, athletes are tested to determine whether they have used drugs that may improve performance and, therefore, result in an unfair competitive advantage.
What is the primary goal of drug analysis?
The Purpose of Drug Analysis
The ultimate purpose of forensic drug collection, preservation, and analysis is to ensure such evidence is legally admissible as evidence in a court of law.
How are drugs tested in forensics?
Based on our review, the best methods for point-of-care drug testing are handheld infrared spectroscopy, Raman spectroscopy, and ion mobility spectrometry; mass spectrometry is the current gold standard in forensic drug analysis.
How do you become a forensic drug analyst?
Steps for Becoming a Crime Lab Analyst
- Attend a degree program or gain experience in a related field. *
- Apply for an open position as a crime lab analyst.
- Complete a physical examination, drug test, polygraph exam, and background investigation.
- Get hired as a crime lab analyst.
- Receive on-the-job training once hired.
How do forensic toxicologists analyze the human body for drugs?
Forensic toxicologists perform scientific tests on bodily fluids and tissue samples to identify any drugs or chemicals present in the body. Working in a lab, the forensic toxicologist performs tests on samples collected by forensic pathologists during an autopsy or by crime scene investigators.
What are the five classes of drugs?
The five classes of drugs are narcotics, depressants, stimulants, hallucinogens, and anabolic steroids.
How are drugs tested in a laboratory?
Drug abuse testing usually involves an initial screening test followed by a second test that identifies and/or confirms the presence of a drug or drugs. Most laboratories use commercially available tests that have been developed and optimized to screen urine for the “major drugs of abuse.”
What is an example of a presumptive test?
Presumptive tests are not definitive and further confirmatory tests are always required. They are used extensively in forensic science. Examples are the Duquenois-Levine test for marijuana and Scott’s test for cocaine. In general analytical chemistry, presumptive tests are often called spot tests.
What does a forensic drug chemist do?
Forensic chemists analyze non-biological trace evidence found at crime scenes in order to identify unknown materials and match samples to known substances. They also analyze drugs/controlled substances taken from scenes and people in order to identify and sometimes quantify these materials.
Is there a difference between a drug screen and a drug test?
Despite being used interchangeably, drug testing and drug screening are two very different terms. A drug test is often more reliable and provides an accurate analysis of an individual’s substance use. Major corporations typically prefer testing over screening.
What are the four goals of drug therapy?
GOAL 2: Develop new and improved strategies to prevent drug use and its consequences. GOAL 3: Develop new and improved treatments to help people with substance use disorders achieve and maintain a meaningful and sustained recovery. GOAL 4: Increase the public health impact of NIDA research and programs.
Is known as the father of forensic science?
Locard is considered to be the father of modern forensic science. His Exchange Principle is the basis of all forensic work.
What is the goal of drug therapy?
The objective of drug therapy is to provide maximum benefit within minimum harm. Because all patients are unique, drug therapy must be tailored to each individual.