When combined with the incredible science of DNA analysis, forensic serology often provides the indisputable piece of evidence that places a suspect at the scene of a crime and ultimately puts them behind bars. It is the hard science behind thousands of real-life cold cases finally being solved.
What is the importance of serology in crime investigation?
Serology allows the forensic scientists to segregate these bodily fluids when found at the scene of the crime and then perform a variety of tests on them in order to identify where these fluids originated from – or most importantly – who they came from.
What is the purpose of performing forensic serology?
Forensic serology is the application of immunological and biochemical methods to identify the presence of a body fluid or tissue sample encountered in connection with the investigation of a crime and the possible further genetic characterization of the sample with a view to determining likely donors thereof (Ballantyne …
What is forensic DNA and serology?
In the forensic crime laboratory, “serology analysis” refers to the screening of evidence for bodily fluids, whereas “DNA analysis” refers to the efforts to individualize bodily fluids to a specific person. In most cases, bodily fluid identification is performed on evidentiary items before DNA analysis is attempted.
How is blood used in criminal investigations?
Forensic scientists often use techniques to identify blood types (blood typing) because an individual’s blood type isn’t affected by disease, drugs, climate, occupation, living conditions, or any other physical circumstances. Additionally, scientists use blood-typing to determine paternity.
What are the two basic types of blood evidence?
There are two different types of blood that can be collected at a crime scene: liquid and dried blood. Liquid blood evidence is generally collected from blood pools but can be collected off of clothing as well, using a gauze pad or a sterile cotton cloth.
What criminalist means?
criminalist in American English
(ˈkrɪmənəlɪst ) an expert in the use of scientific methods to investigate crimes, specif. by collecting and analyzing physical evidence; forensic investigator.
What gives fingerprints their unique characteristic?
The fingerprints are made of unique pattern of ridges, each of which contains pores, that are linked to sweat glands beneath the skin. All these ridges of fingerprints form a pattern called as arches, loops and whorls. The loops start from one side and exit on the other side.
What is serology mean?
: a medical science dealing with blood serum especially in regard to its immunological reactions and properties also : the testing of blood serum to detect the presence of antibodies against a specific antigen.
What type of evidence is blood typing?
Examples of class evidence include blood type, fibers, and paint. Individual Characteristics are properties of physical evidence that can be attributed to a common source with a high degree of certainty. Examples of individual evidence include anything that contains nuclear DNA, toolmarks, and fingerprints.
What is serology typing?
Forensic serology is the application of the study of blood, semen, saliva and other body fluids, to legal matters. The field generally is comprised of the detection of enzymes and antigens, as in the identification of seminal stains or blood typing (ABO and secretor status) and DNA typing.
Who is father of serology?
The bacteriologic theory of disease developed late in the 19th century by Louis Pasteur and Robert Koch provided the final clue to understanding many disease processes.
Which type of blood cells are needed for DNA typing?
Red blood cells are used in the DNA typing of blood. Only some of the 50 states contribute to CODIS.
Is Blood Type Class evidence?
Class evidence consists of substances such as blood and hair, which can be used to place an individual in a general class but cannot be used to identify an individual. For example, blood typing can be used to establish whether someone has A, B, AB, or O blood, but cannot point to a person.
Is blood considered Class evidence?
Blood type is considered to be class evidence. Although it may not specifically identify the suspect, explain how it still could be useful in helping to investigate a crime. Explain how the product rule can be used to determine whether two blood samples come from the same source.
What are the 3 major components of blood?
The three classes of formed elements are the erythrocytes (red blood cells), leukocytes (white blood cells), and the thrombocytes (platelets).