In documenting the scene there are actually 3 functions or methods used to properly document the crime scene. Those methods consist of written notes which will ultimately be used in constructing a final report, crime scene photographs, and a diagram or sketch. Consistency between each of these functions is paramount.
Why is documenting a crime scene important?
One of the most important of these is documenting the crime scene. … In many cases, poor scene documentation can lead to inadmissible evidence in a court of law, or missed evidence that may allow a guilty party to get away with a crime against persons or property.
How is a crime scene documented?
If available, a video camera is the first step to documenting a crime scene. Videotape can provide a perspective on the crime scene layout which cannot be as easily perceived in photographs and sketches. … Before taping, the camera range should be cleared of all personnel.
What are the three main primary ways to document a crime scene?
The three most common methods of recording a crime scene are: note taking, sketching, and photography. A detailed record of the crime scene and of the actions taken during the search of it, help the crime scene specialist to accurately recall events and to identify items of evidence later in a court of law.
What are the five components of crime scene documentation?
There are five major components to any Crime Scene Investigation process:
- Common Sense.
What are 4 methods of documenting a crime scene?
There are several methods of documentation: Notes, photography, sketches, and video are all important. Note taking is one of the most important parts of processing the crime scene.
What is the golden rule of crime scene investigation?
The Golden Rule in Criminal Investigation. “ Do not touch, alter, move, or transfer any object at the crime scene unless it is properly marked, measured, sketched and/or photographed .”
What are the 7 basic steps in crime scene investigation?
7 Steps of a Crime Scene Investigation
- Identify Scene Dimensions. Locate the focal point of the scene. …
- Establish Security. Tape around the perimeter. …
- Create a Plan & Communicate. Determine the type of crime that occurred. …
- Conduct Primary Survey. …
- Document and Process Scene. …
- Conduct Secondary Survey. …
- Record and Preserve Evidence.
What is the first thing you do at a crime scene?
“The initial responding officer (s), upon arrival, shall assess the scene and treat the incident as a crime scene. They shall promptly, yet cautiously, approach and enter the crime scene, remaining observant of any persons, vehicles, events, potential evidence, and environmental conditions.”
What are the 3 phases of criminal investigation?
Applied to the criminal realm, a criminal investigation refers to the process of collecting information (or evidence) about a crime in order to: (1) determine if a crime has been committed; (2) identify the perpetrator; (3) apprehend the perpetrator; and (4) provide evidence to support a conviction in court.
What are five examples of evidence that can be collected at a crime scene?
Crime scene investigators collect evidence such as fingerprints, footprints, tire tracks, blood and other body fluids, hairs, fibers and fire debris.
What are the two methods of recording the crime scene?
Photographs, videography, crime scene sketching and graphing, are all ways to record the scene.
What are the four types of crime scene sketches?
There are 4 main types of sketches: floor plan, elevation drawing, exploded view, and perspective drawings. Each type has its own limitations and are used when called upon (because of the scene).
What are the major components of a crime scene?
The basic crime scene procedures are physical evidence recognition, documentation, proper collection, packaging, preser- vation, and, finally, scene reconstruction.
What are the three parts of a crime scene?
These element are
- The Scene.
- The Body.
- The History.
Which is the best example of a prejudicial photo?
Which is the best example of a prejudicial photo? An arrest photo of the suspect showing him dirty and unkempt.