The chain of custody is the most critical process of evidence documentation. It is a must to assure the court of law that the evidence is authentic, i.e., it is the same evidence seized at the crime scene. It was, at all times, in the custody of a person designated to handle it and for which it was never unaccounted.
What is the chain of custody and why is it important?
Chain of custody refers to the documentation that establishes a record of the control, transfer, and disposition of evidence in a criminal case. If law enforcement does not do it correctly, chain of custody can be successfully challenged in a criminal case. …
Why is chain of custody important in forensics?
It is important to maintain the chain of custody to preserve the integrity of the evidence and prevent it from contamination, which can alter the state of the evidence. If not preserved, the evidence presented in court might be challenged and ruled inadmissible.
What is meant by chain of custody and what role does it play in a criminal investigation?
In criminal and civil law, the term “chain of custody” refers to the order in which items of evidence have been handled during the investigation of a case. Proving that an item has been properly handled through an unbroken chain of custody is required for it to be legally considered as evidence in court.
What is the chain of custody rule?
“Chain of Custody” means the duly recorded authorized movements and custody of seized drugs or controlled chemicals or plant sources of dangerous drugs or laboratory equipment of each stage, from the time of seizure/confiscation to receipt in the forensic laboratory to safekeeping to presentation in court for …
How would you know if the crime was staged?
Typically, evidence or bodies will be moved, or there will be signs of a break-in that did not actually happen. A crime scene is often staged to make a murder appear like an accident or suicide. … A murderer may move a body into the bathroom and pretend the victim fell when he or she got out of the bath or shower.
How do you maintain a chain of custody?
To maintain the chain of custody for evidence collected during medical forensic examinations, label each item of evidence with the initials of everyone who handled it, the date, a description and source of the specimen, the name of the examiner, and the name of the patient.
What is the chain of custody and what issues can arise when maintaining it?
The term chain of custody refers to the process of maintaining and documenting the handling of evidence. It involves keeping a detailed log showing who collected, handled, transferred, or analyzed evidence during an investigation. The procedure for establishing chain of custody starts with the crime scene.
What is the chain of custody and why is it important quizlet?
The purpose of the chain of custody is to document a piece of evidence from the time it was obtained to the time it is disposed. This means keepinga clear record of who had access to the evidence, where it was transported to and if any changes of status to the evidence such as testing or copying of the evidence.
What is meant by chain of evidence?
Note: parentTerm.TermNote. Definition(s): A process and record that shows who obtained the evidence; where and when the evidence was obtained; who secured the evidence; and who had control or possession of the evidence.