What are the equipment used in forensic examination?
Laboratory Centrifuges. Microscopes (biological, stereo zoom and comparator) Thermal cyclers. Ultraviolet light products (transilluminators, cabinets, gel documentation, etc.)
What are the 4 tools of criminal investigation?
Tools To establish facts and develop evidence, a criminal investigator must use these tools-information, interview, interrogation, and instrumentation.
What is the most important tool in forensic science?
DNA Analysis is the Gold Standard
Since his “eureka moment,” the scientific technique has been used successfully to identify perpetrators of a crime, clarify paternity and exonerate people wrongly convicted. Today, the testing and analysis of DNA is considered the most reliable of all of the forensic tools.
What tools are used to analyze evidence?
The instruments commonly used in criminal or environmental forensic investigations and analysis include scanning electron and optical microscopes. These tools are used to characterize forensic evidence like fabrics, metals, textile or glass.
What is the Golden Rule of Criminal Investigation?
The Golden Rule in Criminal Investigation. “ Do not touch, alter, move, or transfer any object at the crime scene unless it is properly marked, measured, sketched and/or photographed .”
What are the six methods of investigation?
A six-step, structured approach to incident investigation (Fig 1) helps to ensure that all the causes are uncovered and addressed by appropriate actions.
- Step 1 – Immediate action. …
- Step 2 – Plan the investigation. …
- Step 3 – Data collection. …
- Step 4 – Data analysis. …
- Step 5 – Corrective actions. …
- Step 6 – Reporting.
What are the 3 phases of criminal investigation?
Applied to the criminal realm, a criminal investigation refers to the process of collecting information (or evidence) about a crime in order to: (1) determine if a crime has been committed; (2) identify the perpetrator; (3) apprehend the perpetrator; and (4) provide evidence to support a conviction in court.
Who is the most famous forensic scientist?
The 8 Most Famous Forensic Scientists & Their List of…
- Dr. William Bass (United States) …
- Dr. Joseph Bell (Scotland) …
- Dr. Edmond Locard (France) …
- Dr. Henry Faulds (United Kingdom) …
- William R. Maples (United States) …
- Clea Koff (United Kingdom) …
- Frances Glessner Lee (United States) …
- Robert P.
What are 3 things a forensic examiner must be able to do?
The three tasks or responsibilities of a forensic scientist are: Collecting evidence. Analyzing evidence. Communicating with law enforcement and…
What are the 3 most important tools that a forensic scientist should have?
But the most common tools in a forensic lab are:
- Laboratory Microscopes.
- Portable/ Laboratory Fume Extractor.
- GC System.
- Mass Spectrometers.
What technology is used in forensic science?
Several technologies are used in different fields of forensic science to conduct investigations and examine the evidence. Among them include: scanning electron microscopy, DNA fingerprinting, alternative light photography, facial reconstruction and LA-ICP-MS.
What do forensic scientists use to analyze evidence?
Evidence at a crime scene may only be found in small, trace amounts so forensic scientists use a variety of techniques including microscopic analysis, mass spectrometry, chromatography and DNA analysis. … Find out more in the articles Forensics and DNA and DNA profiling.
What tools are used to collect fingerprints?
Microscope slide (or other smooth, flat object) Fingerprint powder or any fine powder (such as talcum powder, cornstarch, or cocoa powder) Fingerprint brush (or any small brush with very soft bristles) Clear tape.