What is the difference of legal medicine to forensic medicine?

Forensic medicine is one of the largest and most important areas of forensic science. Also called legal medicine or medical JURISPRUDENCE, it applies medical knowledge to criminal and CIVIL LAW. … Forensic medicine is often used in civil cases.

Legal medicine has greater relevance to civil and tort law, impacting upon patient care, whereas forensic medicine relates to criminal law and damage to, or by, patients.

Legal Medicine is a medical multidisciplinary branch of knowledge that includes different areas of medicine and law. … The Portuguese medicolegal organization is based on a wide definition of Legal Medicine, contrary to most common concepts about it.

Abstract. Legal medicine has attracted very little reference within legal texts. … In its more confined definition, legal medicine deals with those aspects of medicine referable to the delivery of health care, civil law, and tort law, as opposed to forensic medicine, which is more referable to the criminal system.

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Legal medicine: The branch of medicine that deals with the application of medical knowledge to legal problems and legal proceedings. Legal medicine is also called forensic medicine. A physician may be engaged in legal (or forensic) medicine while a lawyer with identical interests is said to be in medical jurisprudence.

A Medico-Legal Case can be defined as a case of injury or ailment, etc., in which investigations by the law-enforcing agencies are essential to fix the responsibility regarding the causation of the injury or ailment. … It may be a legal case requiring medical expertise when brought by the police for examination.

Paulo Zacchias (1584–1659) came to be called the father of legal medicine for his comprehensive work on the characteristics of wounds and questionable deaths.

A Medico-Legal Officer is mandated by the PD856, or the Sanitation Code of the Philippines, to perform autopsy on medico-legal cases. The title is earned by being employed with the item in NBI or PNP, under Civil Service Commission (CSC) rules.

[Rules of Court] Legal medicine may be applied in the following provisions of the Rules of Court: – physical and mental examination of a person – proceedings for hospitalization of an insane person – rules on evidence • Special laws a. … Insurance Law (Act No. 2427 as amended) d. Code of Sanitation (PD 856) e.

Medico-legal autopsies usually provide information in connection with violent acts and may provide relevant insight into cases of suicidal, accidental, or unnatural death. … The procedures involved in medico-legal autopsies may include the death-scene investigation as well as the ancillary examinations.

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In addition, Legal Medicine enables him to know the adversarial criminal justice system (oral trials), in order to participate as an expert.

Scope of Legal Medicine and Nature of Study

The scope of legal medicine is broader than it seems. It is derived from its definition thus it includes the application of medical and paramedical sciences in relation to law and administration of justice.

What are the branches of forensic medicine?

Branches of Forensic Medicine

  • Forensic Pathology. …
  • Clinical Forensic Medicine. …
  • Forensic Toxicology. …
  • Forensic Serology. …
  • Forensic Psychiatry. …
  • Forensic Anthropology.


What is forensic medicine and its importance?

Forensic Medicine is a multidisciplinary subject and it is defined as the application of medical knowledge to the investigation of crime, particularly in establishing the causes of injury or death. It is used to for the scientific assessment of DNA, blood samples, and so on.

What means medicine?

Medical Definition of medicine

1 : a substance or preparation used in treating disease. 2a : the science and art dealing with the maintenance of health and the prevention, alleviation, or cure of disease. b : the branch of medicine concerned with the nonsurgical treatment of disease.

What are the types of medical evidence?

The ranking of medical evidence is as follows:

  • Systematic Review.
  • Randomised Controlled Trial.
  • Cohort Study.
  • Case-control study.
  • Outcomes research.
  • Ecological study.
  • Case-series.
  • Expert opinion.