What are the 8 steps in the criminal justice system?

What are the steps in the criminal justice system in order?

Steps in the criminal justice process

  • Investigation of a crime by the police. …
  • Arrest of a suspect by the police. …
  • Prosecution of a criminal defendant by a district attorney. …
  • Indictment by a grand jury or the filing of an information by a prosecutor. …
  • Arraignment by a judge. …
  • Pretrial detention and/or bail.

What are the 7 basic steps in a criminal case?

  • Investigation.
  • Charging.
  • Initial Hearing/Arraignment.
  • Discovery.
  • Plea Bargaining.
  • Preliminary Hearing.
  • Pre-Trial Motions.
  • Trial.

What are the 13 steps of the criminal justice process?

Terms in this set (13)

  • Investigation. When they investigate for any evidence to find who was the person that maid the crime.
  • Arrest. …
  • Booking. …
  • Charging. …
  • Initial appearance. …
  • Preliminary hearing /grand jury. …
  • Indictment /information. …
  • Arraignment.

What are the 5 stages of the criminal justice system?

5 Steps of the Criminal Justice System

  • Arrest.
  • Preliminary hearing.
  • Grand jury investigation.
  • Arraignment in Criminal Court.
  • Trial by jury.
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What are the 3 components of the criminal justice system?

Law Enforcement, Courts and Corrections in the US Justice System. The United States criminal justice system is broken down into three different parts, each with a different focus of the law and dealing with criminals in a different stage of their criminal activity.

How do criminal proceedings start?

P.C., order Police to register an F.I.R and investigate the offence. … In case of non-cognizable offence, Police is not obliged to investigate, and the judicial process can be started by filing a criminal complaint before the competent court, under Section 190 of the Cr.

What are the 12 steps of a criminal trial?

12 Steps Of A Trial Flashcards Preview

  • Opening statement made by the prosecutor or plaintiff.
  • Opening statement made by the defendant.
  • Direct examination by plaintiff or prosecutor.
  • Cross examination by defense.
  • Motions.
  • Direct examination by defense.
  • Cross examination by prosecutor or plaintiff.

What happens when you are charged with a federal crime?

Federal crimes, however, are not investigated by state police. Instead, these crimes are investigated by federal agents, such as the DEA or the FBI. They will make an investigation and arrest, often with the aid of the state police. Once the arrest is made, court proceedings can begin.

What are the 5 pillars of CJS?

I – THE COMMUNITY; II – THE LAW ENFORCEMENT; III – THE PROSECUTION; IV – THE COURTS; and V – CORRECTIONS. As we shall see, OUR CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEM IS COMPOSED OF FIVE PILLARS THAT FUNCTION LIKE A CHAIN OF LINKS.

Who decides the charges in a criminal case?

A criminal case usually gets started with a police arrest report. The prosecutor then decides what criminal charges to file, if any. Some cases go to a preliminary hearing, where a judge decides if there is enough evidence to proceed. Cases can also start when a grand jury issues a criminal indictment.

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What are the 10 steps in the criminal justice process?

10 Steps in The Federal Criminal Process

  • Investigation. …
  • Charging. …
  • Initial Appearance / Arraignment. …
  • Preliminary Hearing. …
  • Discovery. …
  • Plea Bargaining. …
  • Pre-Trial Motions. …
  • Trial.

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Verdict: jury decides guilt, or innocence, usually by unanimous decision. Sentencing: Judge sets punishment, for convicted defendant.

Who are the first gatekeepers of the criminal justice system?

– Victims are considered the first gatekeepers of the criminal justice system because they make the initial decision of whether or not they think a crime has occurred, then they make the decision to report the act to the system if they think a law was broken.

Legality