What are the 6 cardinal points of investigation?
In the performance of his duties, the investigator must seek to establish the six (6) cardinal points of investigation, namely: what specific offense has been committed; how the offense was committed; who committed it; where the offense was committed; when it was committed; and why it was committed.
What are the fundamentals of criminal investigation?
Evidence identification and preservation. Engaging forensic tools for evidence analysis. Witness assessment and interviewing. Suspect questioning and interrogation.
What are the tools of criminal investigation?
2. Tools To establish facts and develop evidence, a criminal investigator must use these tools-information, interview, interrogation, and instrumentation.
What are the phases of investigation?
The four phases
- Investigation and indictment. The Office of the Prosecutor conducts confidential investigations of suspects. …
- Pre-Trial. After the confirmation of an indictment the Pre-Trial Judge is responsible for preparing the case for Trial. …
- Trial. …
What are 3 methods of investigation?
Scientists use three types of investigations to research and develop explanations for events in the nature: descriptive investigation, comparative investigation, and experimental investigation.
What is the golden rule of investigation?
The Golden Rule in Criminal Investigation. “ Do not touch, alter, move, or transfer any object at the crime scene unless it is properly marked, measured, sketched and/or photographed .”
What are the 3 phases of criminal investigation?
Applied to the criminal realm, a criminal investigation refers to the process of collecting information (or evidence) about a crime in order to: (1) determine if a crime has been committed; (2) identify the perpetrator; (3) apprehend the perpetrator; and (4) provide evidence to support a conviction in court.
What are the three basic elements of a crime?
In general, every crime involves three elements: first, the act or conduct (“actus reus”); second, the individual’s mental state at the time of the act (“mens rea”); and third, the causation between the act and the effect (typically either “proximate causation” or “but-for causation”).
What are the 5 steps of crime scene investigation?
INTERVIEW, EXAMINE, PHOTOGRAPH, SKETCH and PROCESS.
What are the qualities of a good investigator?
Here is a list of qualities found in a successful professional investigator:
- Professionalism. This is a quality required for any career stream. …
- Integrity. One of the most important virtues of a professional investigator is integrity. …
- Persistence. …
- Self-driven. …
- Problem Solver. …
- Reliable. …
What is corpus delicti?
Corpus delicti literally means “body of the crime” in Latin. … In popular usage, corpus delicti also refers to the actual physical object upon which a crime has been committed.
What is the golden hour in a criminal investigation?
Magalong said the ‘Golden Hours’ or the first 72 hours of the initial phase of investigation of a major case such as murder, homicide or kidnappings/abduction is really crucial.
What are the four steps in the incident investigation process?
4-Steps to Manage Incident (Accident) Investigations
Preserve and document the scene. Collect Data. Determine root causes. Implement corrective actions.
How long should an investigation take?
Some investigations might take longer depending on the case and how many people need to give information. For example, a simple case might only take a day to gather enough information, whereas a more complicated case could take several weeks.