propensity theory/latent trait theory. the view that a stable unchanging feature, characteristic, property, or condition such as defective intelligence or impulsive personality, makes some people crime prone.
What does criminal propensity mean?
The criminal propensity perspective is concerned with the stable individual differences among the population that increase the likelihood of offending. … More specifically, this approach focuses on the situational, cognitive, emotional, and behavioral aspects of offenders prior to, during, and after a criminal event.
What is the life course theory of criminology?
Life course theories represent an integrated approach to explaining criminality, and accept that multiple social, personal, economic, and other factors influence crime.
What are some criminological theories?
- Biological Theories of Crime.
- Criminal Justice Theories.
- Cultural Transmission Theory.
- Deterrence and Rational Choice Theory.
- Labeling Theory and Symbolic Interaction Theory.
- Psychological Theories of Crime.
- Routine Activities Theory.
- Self-Control Theory.
What are the 3 theories of criminal behavior?
Broadly speaking, criminal behavior theories involve three categories of factors: psychological, biological, and social.
What propensity means?
: an often intense natural inclination or preference.
What’s another word for propensity?
Some common synonyms of propensity are leaning, penchant, and proclivity. While all these words mean “a strong instinct or liking for something,” propensity implies a deeply ingrained and usually irresistible inclination.
What is the conflict theory in criminology?
Conflict theory is a set of criminological theories that holds that those in society who possess the social and economic power, the ruling class, define antisocial behavior. Antisocial behavior results from class conflict and social and economic inequality.
What are the five basic stages in the life course?
However, socialization continues throughout the several stages of the life course, most commonly categorized as childhood, adolescence, adulthood, and old age.
What is life source theory?
The theory recognizes that not one human is identical, but instead establishes that there are typical life phrases that are experienced in typical patterns. Within these patterns there are social passages that one goes through, and thus, must adhere to the implied social contract established in society.
Who is the father of criminology?
This idea first struck Cesare Lombroso, the so-called “father of criminology,” in the early 1870s.
What are the 5 theories of punishment?
There are five kinds or theories of punishment. They are:-
- Deterrent Theory.
- Preventive Theory.
- Reformative Theory.
- Retributive Theory.
- Expiatory Theory.
What are the 5 theories of crime?
Theories of Crime: Classical, Biological, Sociological, Interactionist.
What are the 3 causes of crime?
The causes of crime are complex. Poverty, parental neglect, low self-esteem, alcohol and drug abuse can be connected to why people break the law. Some are at greater risk of becoming offenders because of the circumstances into which they are born.
How many criminology theories are there?
CRIMINOLOGICAL THEORIES ABOUT
Four distinct groups of theories will be examined: classical theories, biological theories, psy chological theories, and sociological theories of crime causation.
What are the 10 causes of crime?
Top 10 Reasons for Crime
- Poverty. This is perhaps one of the most concrete reasons why people commit crimes. …
- Peer Pressure. This is a new form of concern in the modern world. …
- Drugs. Drugs have always been highly criticized by critics. …
- Politics. …
- Religion. …
- Family Conditions. …
- The Society. …