Liquid blood evidence is generally collected from blood pools but can be collected off of clothing as well, using a gauze pad or a sterile cotton cloth. … Once the sample is collected it must be refrigerated or frozen and brought to the laboratory as quickly as possible.
How do you package blood evidence?
If the item is small and transportable, then package it in a paper bag (or plastic bag to prevent contamination of other objects). Bring it to a secured location, take it out of the bag and allow the evidence and the bag to thoroughly air dry.
What are several methods for detecting traces of blood at a crime scene?
Further tests at the crime lab can determine if it is human blood or not. The Kastle-Meyer tests uses phenolphthalein and hydrogen peroxide, while HemaStix is a paper strip coated with TMB. This chemical is used to locate traces of blood, even if it has been cleaned or removed.
How do you collect evidence from a crime scene?
Crime Scene Search
- Elimination hair and/or fiber samples may need to be obtained from personnel conducting the search.
- Prioritize the order of evidence collection. …
- Once the trace evidence is collected via vacuuming, taping, or tweezing, take blood samples, remove bullets, dust for fingerprints, and so on.
How is dried blood collected?
Dried blood spot specimens are collected by applying a few drops of blood, drawn by lancet from the finger, heel or toe, onto specially manufactured absorbent filter paper. The blood is allowed to thoroughly saturate the paper and is air dried for several hours.
What type of evidence is blood evidence?
Physical Evidence is any object or item that establishes that a crime has been committed or establishes a link between a crime and its perpetrator or crime and its victim. Examples of physical evidence include a document, a hair, fibers, fingerprints, soil, and blood.
What are the 5 steps of crime scene investigation?
INTERVIEW, EXAMINE, PHOTOGRAPH, SKETCH and PROCESS.
Can too much luminol destroy DNA?
Luminol has been widely used in the field of crime scene investigations to detect latent blood; however, luminol has the tendency to destroy DNA evidence. … DNA was extracted from blood-containing denim substrates after fluorescein was applied to the substrates.
Is blood direct or circumstantial evidence?
Other examples of circumstantial evidence are fingerprint analysis, blood analysis or DNA analysis of the evidence found at the scene of a crime.
Who analyzes blood evidence?
Bloodstain pattern analysts, also known as blood spatter experts, collect and analyze physical evidence—specifically, blood. They are specialists in forensic science and crime scene investigation and examine the location and shape of blood drops, stains, puddles, and pools.
What are the 7 basic steps in crime scene investigation?
7 Steps of a Crime Scene Investigation
- Identify Scene Dimensions. Locate the focal point of the scene. …
- Establish Security. Tape around the perimeter. …
- Create a Plan & Communicate. Determine the type of crime that occurred. …
- Conduct Primary Survey. …
- Document and Process Scene. …
- Conduct Secondary Survey. …
- Record and Preserve Evidence.
What are the three types of evidence at a crime scene?
Evidence: Definition and Types
- Real evidence;
- Demonstrative evidence;
- Documentary evidence; and.
- Testimonial evidence.
What are the 3 phases of criminal investigation?
Applied to the criminal realm, a criminal investigation refers to the process of collecting information (or evidence) about a crime in order to: (1) determine if a crime has been committed; (2) identify the perpetrator; (3) apprehend the perpetrator; and (4) provide evidence to support a conviction in court.
Are dried blood spots infectious?
For instance, most DBS are susceptible to contamination by the user, patient, environment, insects, equipment, or contact with other cards. Health-care workers also have a risk of exposure to potentially infectious agents until blood is dried and contained in secure packaging.
How long do dried blood spots last?
A: Depending upon the state, dried blood spots can be retained anywhere from one month to indefinitely.
What does old dried blood look like?
Freshly dried bloodstains are a glossy reddish-brown in color. Under the influence of sunlight, the weather or removal attempts, the color eventually disappears and the stain turns gray. The surface on which it is found may also influence the stain’s color.